For last decades, the Canadian boreal forest observed a recurrence of extreme wildfire seasons. In 2014, nearly 400 fires burned more than 3.6 million hectares of forest in the Northwest Territories (NWT) while from 1975 to 2014, only 600 000 hectares of forest burned on average per year. These events mainly caused by widespread and severe wildfires, impact the ability of Indigenous people to maintain their traditional activities. In a context where the recurrence of extreme wildfire could increase with the climate change, my PhD aims to (1) determine the climatic and environmental conditions causing such events and (2) predict future fire risk, especially extreme wildfire seasons, up to 2100 in the territory of the Tłı̨chǫ nation, located in central NWT. The results will constitute a tool for decision support and for the development of forest management measures for Indigenous people and forest managers.
Keywords: Boreal forest; extreme fire season; anthracology; modeling; fire risk
ACUNS (Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies) presentation 2018 Edmonton, Alberta
“Increased occurrence of extreme fire years on the Tłı̨chǫ territory (NWT, Canada)”