Mouquet nicolas
Directeur de recherche CNRS

I am primarily a theoretical community ecologist, with some complementary experience in experimental ecology, microbiology and evolution. I worked on some of the earliest metacommunity models, demonstrating how dispersal among local communities may affect both local and regional diversity. These models have been very important for formalizing our understanding of metacommunity dynamics, and I am know incorporating elements of network ecology and ecosystem functioning in this framework.

I also have integrated elements of evolutionary dynamics in my research program mainly by developing experimental approaches with microorganisms to study how evolution can shape relationships between diversity and ecosystem functioning.

I have started several biogeography projects to map and disentangle the factors that shape the different facets of biodiversity on birds and fish communities.

I am now interested in incorporating elements of evolutionary biology and biogeography into the understanding of the relationship between diversity and ecosystem functioning, and developing the basis of an “experimental evolutionary biogeography”.

I am also :

-> Team leader of the EEC group (Evolutionary Community Ecology) which consists of 7 permanent researchers, several postdocs, PhD and MSc students.

-> Member of the board of the SFE (French Ecological Society) in charge of the web site and the list EcoDiff.

-> Academic editor for PLoS ONE a “radical, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed upstart”.

Nicolas News on the EEC website
Publications list :

The following is a complete list of my publications in refereed journals. To see the full text version, click on the “PDF” link. If you have trouble downloading a PDF file, please send me an e-mail.

You’ll find popularization science paper at the bottom.

[59] Matias M, Combe M, Barbera C, Mouquet N (2013) Ecological strategies shape the insurance potential of biodiversity. Frontiers in Microbiology 3: 1-9.

[58] Mouquet N., Gravel D., Massol F. and Calcagno V. (2013). Extending the concept of keystone species to communities and ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 16, 1-8.

[57] Livingston G.,Matias W.M., Calcagno C., Barbera C., Combe M., Leibold M. & Mouquet N. (2012). Competition–colonization dynamics in experimental bacterial metacommunities. Nature Communication 3:1234. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2239.

[56] Poisot T., Canard E., Mouillot D., Mouquet N. Gravel D. (2012).The dissimilarity of species interaction networks. Ecology Letters. 15: 1353–1361 doi: 10.1111/ele.12002. suppl. mat., R package.

[55] Gravel D.,, Thomas Bell T., Claire Barbera C., Combe. M, Pommier T., and Mouquet N. (2012). Phylogenetic constraints on ecosystem functioning. Nature Communication. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2123. (* These authors contributed equally to this work)

[54] Matias M.G., Mouquet N. and Chase J.M. (in press). Dispersal stochasticity mediates species richness in source–sink metacommunities. Oikos.

[53] Mouquet N., Devictor V., Meynard C.N., Munoz F., Bersier L.F., Chave J., Couteron P., Dalecky A., Fontaine C., Gravel D., Hardy O.J., Jabot F., Lavergne S., Leibold M., Mouillot D., Munkemuller T., Pavoine S., Prinzing A., Rodrigues A.S.L., Rohr R.P., Thebault E. and Thuiller W. (2012) Ecophylogenetics: advances and perspectives. Biological Reviews, 87, 769–785.

[52] Canard E., Mouquet N., Marescot L., Gaston K.J., Gravel D. and Mouillot D. (2012). Emergence of Structural Patterns in Neutral Trophic Networks. Plos One, 7, e38295.

[51] Meynard C.N., Mouillot D., Mouquet N. and Douzery E.J.P. (2012). A Phylogenetic Perspective on the Evolution of Mediterranean Teleost Fishes. Plos One, 7, e36443.

[50] Bouvier T., Venail P., Pommier T.,Bouvier C., Barbera C., and Mouquet N. (2012) Contrasted Effects of Diversity and Immigration on Ecological Insurance in Marine Bacterioplankton Communities. PLoS ONE, 7, e37620.

[49] Poisot T., Canard E., Mouquet N. and Hochberg M.E. (2012) A comparative study of ecological specialization estimators. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 537–544.

[48] Rolland J., Cadotte M.W., Davies J., Devictor V., Lavergne S., Mouquet N. , Pavoine S., Ana Rodrigues, Thuiller W., Turcati L., Winter M., Zupan L., Jabot F. and Morlon H. (2012) Using phylogenies in conservation: new perspectives Biology Letters. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2011.1024

[47] Munkemuller T., de Bello F., Meynard C.N., Gravel D., Lavergne S., Mouillot D., Mouquet N. and Thuiller W. (2011) From diversity indices to community assembly processes: A test with simulated data. Ecography, 34, 001-013.

[46] Venail P.A., Kaltz O., Olivieri I., Pommier T. and Mouquet N. (2011) Diversification in temporally fluctuating environments: effect of the environmental grain in experimental bacterial populations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 24, 2485-2495.

[45] Gravel D., Massol F., Canard E., Mouillot D. and Mouquet N. (2011) Trophic theory of island biogeography. Ecology Letters. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01667.x

[44] Calcagno V., Massol F., Mouquet N., Jarne P. and David P. (2011) Constraints on food chain length arising from regional metacommunity dynamics. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Serie B. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0112

[43] Logue J.B., Mouquet N., Hannes Peter H., Hillebrand H., and The Metacommunity Working Group*. (2011) Empirical approaches to metacommunities: a review and comparison with theory. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. * Priscilla Declerck, Andreas Flohre, Stephan Gantner, Nils Gulzow, Paul Hortnagl, Sandra Meier and Bert Pecceu.

[42] Mouillot D., Albouy C., Guilhaumon F., Lasram F.B.R., Coll M., Devictor V., Meynard C.N., Pauly D., Tomasini J.A., Troussellier M., Velez L., Watson R., Douzery E.J.P. and Mouquet N. (2011). Protected and Threatened Components of Fish Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea. Current Biology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.05.005

[41] Gravel D., Canard E., Guichard F. and Mouquet N. (2011). Persistence Increases with Diversity and Connectance in Trophic Metacommunities. PLoS ONE, 6(5): e19374. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019374.

[40] Mouquet N., Matthiessen B, Miller T, Gonzalez A (2011) Extinction Debt in Source-Sink Metacommunities. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17567. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0017567

[39] Meynard C.N., Devictor V., Mouillot D., Thuiller W., Jiguet F. and Mouquet N. (2011). Beyond taxonomic diversity patterns: how do alpha, beta and gamma components of bird functional and phylogenetic diversity respond to environmental gradients across France ? Global Ecology and Biogeograhy.

[38] Massol F., Gravel D., Mouquet N., Cadotte M.W., Fukami T. and Leibold M.A. (2011). Linking community and ecosystem dynamics through spatial ecology. Ecology Letters.

[37] Gravel D., Bell T., Barbera C., Bouvier T., Pommier T., Venail P. and Mouquet N. (2011). Experimental niche evolution alters the strength of the diversity-productivity relationship. Nature, 469,89-92.

[36] Lavergne S., Mouquet N., Thuiller W., and Ronce O. (2010). Biodiversity and Climate Change: Integrating Evolutionary and Ecological Responses of Species and Communities. The Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics , 41,321-350

[35] Gravel D., Mouquet N., Loreau M., and Guichard F. (2010). Patch Dynamics, Persistence, and Species Coexistence in Metaecosystems. The American Naturalist, 176, 289-302 PDF.

[34] Gravel D., Guichard F., Loreau M. and Mouquet N. (2010). Source and sink dynamics in metaecosystems. Ecology, 91, 2172-2184 PDF.

[33] Devictor V., Mouillot D., Meynard C.N., Jiguet F., Thuiller W., and Mouquet N. (2010). Spatial mismatch and congruence between taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity: the need for integrative conservation strategies in a changing world. Ecology Letters, 13, 1030-1040

[32] Venail P.A., MacLean R.C., Meynard C.N., and Mouquet N. (2010). Dispersal scales up the biodiversity productivity relationship in an experimental source-sink metacommunity. Proc. R. Soc. B, 277, 2339-2345.

[31] Devictor V., Clavel J., Julliard R., Lavergne S., Mouillot D., Thuiller W., Venail P., Villeger S. and Mouquet N. (2010). Defining and measuring ecological specialization. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 14-25.

[30] Gonzalez A., Mouquet N., and Loreau M. (2009) Biodiversity as spatial insurance: the effects of habitat fragmentation and dispersal on ecosystem functioning. In: Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning and Ecosystem Services (eds. Naeem S, Bunker D, Hector A, Loreau M & Perrings C). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[29] Mouquet N., Daufresne T., Gray S.M., and Miller T.E. (2008) Modelling the relationship between a pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea) and its phytotelma community: mutualism or parasitism? Functional Ecology. Appendix 1. Appendix 2.

[28] Venail P.A., MacLean R.C., Bouvier T., Brockhurst M.A., Hochberg M.E. and Mouquet N. (2008) Functional Diversity and Productivity Peak at Intermediate Levels of Dispersal in Evolving Metacommunities. Nature, 452, 210-215. ( These authors contributed equally to this study).

[27] Miller T.E., Burns J.H., Munguia P., Walters E.L., Kneitel J.M., Richards P.M., Mouquet N. and Buckley H.L. (2007). Evaluating Support for the Resource-ratio Hypothesis: A response to Wilson et al. American Naturalist.5-707-708. PDF.

[26] Mouquet N., Miller T.E., Daufresne T., and Kneitel J.M., (2006). Consequences of varying regional heterogeneity in source sink metacommunities: a mechanistic model. Oikos, 113, 481-488.

[25] Gray S.M., Miller T.E., Mouquet N. and Daufresne T., (2006). Nutrient limitation in Sarracenia purpurea microcosms. Hydrobiologia, 573, 173-181.

[24] Calcagno V., Mouquet N., Jarne P., and David P. (2006). Coexistence in a metacommunity: the competition-colonization trade-off is NOT dead. Ecology Letters, 9, 897–907.

[23] Calcagno V., Mouquet N., Jarne P., and David P. (2006). Which immigration policy for optimal coexistence?. Ecology Letters, 9, 909-911.

[22] Mouillot D. and Mouquet N. (2006). Species richness peaks for intermediate levels of community biomass in a fractal succession process with quasi-neutral interactions. Oikos, 115, 349-357.

[21] Mouquet N., Belrose V., Thomas J.A., Elmes G.W., Clarke R.T., and Hochberg M.E. (2005) Conserving community modules: a case study of the endangered lycaenid butterfly Maculinea alcon. Ecology, 86, 3160-3173.

[20] Mouquet N., Thomas J.A., Elmes G.W., Clarke R.T., and Hochberg M.E. (2005) Population dynamics and conservation of a specialized predator: a case study of Maculinea arion. Ecological Monograph, 75, 525-542.

[19] Mouquet N., Hoopes M.F., and Amarasekare P. (2005). The world is patchy and heterogeneous! Trade-off and source sink dynamics in competitive metacommunities. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[18] Holyoak M., Leibold M.A., Mouquet N., and Holt R.D. (2005). Metacommunities: A framework for large-scale community ecology. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. D. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[17] Loreau M., Mouquet N., and Holt R.D. (2005). From metacommunities to meta-ecosystems. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. D. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[16] Chase J., Amarasekare P., Cottenie K., Gonzalez A., Holt R., Holyoak M., Hoopes M.F, Law R., Leibold M.A., Loreau M., Mouquet N., Shurin J., and Tilman D. (2005). Competing theories for competitive metacommunities. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. D. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[15] Clarke R.T., Mouquet N., Thomas J.A., Hochberg M.E., Elmes G.W., Tesar D., Singer A. and Hale J. (2005). Modelling the local population dynamics of Maculinea and their spatial interactions with their larval foodplant and Myrmica ant species. In: Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe. Vol. 2: Species Ecology along a European Gradient: Maculinea Butterflies as a Model, J. Settele, E. Kühn & J.A. Thomas (Eds) pp 115-119. Pensoft, Sofia.

[14] Miller T.E., Burns J.H., Munguia P., Walters E.L., Kneitel J.M., Richards P.M., Mouquet N. and Buckley H.L. (2005) A Critical Review of Twenty Years’ Use of the Resource-ratio Theory. American Naturalist, 165, 439-448.

[13] Mouquet N., Leadley P., Meriget J. and Loreau M. (2004). Immigration and local competition in herbaceous plant communities: a three-year seed-sowing experiment. Oikos, 104, 77-90. Erratum.

[12] Amarasekare P., Hoopes M.F., Mouquet N., and Holyoak M. (2004) Mechanisms of coexistence in competitive metacommunities. American Naturalist, 164, 000-000.

[11] Leibold M.A., Holyoak M., Mouquet N., Amarasekare P., Chase J., Hoopes M., Holt R., Shurin J.B., Law R., Tilman D., Loreau M., and Gonzalez A. (2004). The metacommunity concept: A framework for multi-scale community ecology. Ecology letters, 7, 601-613.

[10] Mouquet N. and Loreau, M. (2003). Community patterns in source-sink metacommunities. American Naturalist, 162, 544-557.

[09] Mouquet N., Munguia P., Kneitel J.M. and Miller T.E. (2003). Community assembly time and the relationship between local and regional species richness. Oikos, 103, 618-626.

[08] Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Gonzalez A. (2003). Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. PNAS, 100, 12765-12770.

[07] Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Holt, R. (2003). Meta-ecosystems: a framework for a spatial ecosystem ecology. Ecology Letters, 6, 673-679.

[06] Mouquet N. and Loreau M. (2002) Coexistence in a metacommunity: The regional similarity hypothesis. American Naturalist, 159, 420-426.

[05] Mouquet N., Moore, J.L. and Loreau, M. (2002) Plant species richness and community productivity: Why the mechanism that promotes coexistence matters. Ecology Letters, 5, 56-66.

[04] Voituron Y., Mouquet N., deMazancourt C. et Clobert J. (2002) To freeze or not to freeze? An evolutionary perspective on the cold hardiness strategies of overwintering ectotherms. American Naturalist, 160, 255-270.

[03] Mouquet N., Mulder, G.S.E.E., Jansen V.A.A. and Loreau M. (2001). The properties of competitive communities with coupled local and regional dynamics. In : Dispersal: individual, population, community (Clobert, J. Danchin, E., Dhondt, A., and Nichols, J.D. Eds.): Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[02] Moore, J.L., Mouquet, N, Lawton J.H. and Loreau, M. (2001). Coexistence, saturation and invasion resistance in simulated plant assemblages. Oikos, 94, 303-314.

[01] Loreau M. and Mouquet N. (1999). Immigration and the maintenance of local species diversity. American Naturalist 154, pp. 427-440.


Popularization science :

[04] Mouquet N., Gounand I. et Gravel D. (2010). Biodiversite et fonctionnement des ecosystemes : histoire d’un mariage mouvemente. Plume!, 13.

[03] Gravel D. et Mouquet N. (2010). Le genie de Darwin en bouteille. Mouton Noir, Mai-Juin.

[02] Gravel D., Gounand I. et Mouquet N. (2010). Le role de la diversite dans le fonctionnement des Ecosystemes. Ciencia Ambiente 39.

[01] Mouquet N., Gounand I. et Gravel D. (2010). Biodiversité et fonctionnement des écosystèmes. Regards et Débat sur la Biodiversité #3, SFE.