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Matthieu Carré

Chargé(e) de recherche CNRS Equipe Paléoclimats
Tél. +33 (0)467 14 38 08
Localisation Bâtiment 22, 3ème étage
Mots clés paléoclimat El Niño mousson africaine isotopes mollusques

The objective of my research is the study of long-term climate change in the intertropical zone, with a focus on seasonality and interannual variability during the Holocene.

My two main projects aim at estimating the natural variability and the sensitivity of (1) El Niño and the Southern oscillation (ENSO) in the Eastern tropical Pacific, and (2) the seasonality and intensity of the West African Monsoon  in western Sahel. Paleoclimate observations are mainly based on sclerochronology and high resolution geochemical records of fossil mollusk shells. This work involves a combination of paleoclimate proxy development, paleoclimate reconstruction, and comparisons with GCM simulations.

©Matthieu Carre terrain







 In the medias

TV Peru_15/07/2015_noticiero_El Niño

press release: Science Mag News, University of Washington UW Today, Earth Magazine, La Gran Epoca, Global Climat, Sciencedaily, Labnews

List of publications

Full texts and datasets on my ResearchGate page

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Christol A., P. Wuscher, N. Goepfert, S. Mogollon, P. Béarez, B. Gutiérrez, M. Carré. The Las Salinas palaeo-lagoon in the Sechura Desert (Peru): evolution during the last two millennia. The Holocene, in press

Carré, M., D. Jackson, A. Maldonado, B.M. Chase, J.P. Sachs. Variability of the 14C activity and ocean-atmosphere flux of CO2 in the Peru-Chile upwelling region during the past 12,000 years. Quaternary research, 85, 87-93.

Nourelbait, M., Rhoujjati, A., Benkaddour, A., Carré, M., Eynaud, F., Martinez, P., and Cheddadi, R. (2016). Climate change and ecosystems dynamics over the last 6000 years in the Middle Atlas, Morocco. Climate of the Past 12, 1029-1042.

Tabel, J., C. Khater, A.Rhoujjati, L. Dezileau, I. Bouimetarhan, M. Carré, L. Vidal, A. Benkaddour, M. Nour El Bait, R. Cheddadi (2016). Environmental changes over the past 25,000 years in the southern Middle Atlas, Morocco. Journal of Quaternary Science, doi: 10.1002/jqs.2841

Hardy K., A. Camara, R. Pique, E. Dioh, M. Gueye, H. D. Diadhiou, M. Faye, M. Carré. Shellfishing and shell midden construction in the Saloum Delta, Senegal. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 41, 19-32.

Emile-Geay, J., Cobb, K., Carre, M., Braconnot, P., Leloup, J., Zhou, Y., Harrison, S. P., Correge, T., McGregor, H. V., Collins, M., Driscoll, R., Elliot, M., Schneider, B., and Tudhope, A. (2016). Links between tropical Pacific seasonal, interannual and orbital variability during the Holocene. Nature Geoscience 9(2), 168-173, doi:10.1038/ngeo2608.


Chase, B. M., Boom, A., Carr, A. S., Carré, M., Chevalier, M., Meadows, M. E., Pedro, J. B., Stager, J. C., and Reimer, P. J. (2015). Evolving southwest African response to abrupt deglacial North Atlantic climate change events. Quaternary Science Reviews 121, 132-136.

Wade, M., Mignot, J., Lazar, A., Gaye, A., and Carré, M. (2015). On the spatial coherence of rainfall over the Saloum delta (Senegal) from seasonal to decadal time scales. Frontiers in Earth Science 3, 30. doi: 10.3389/feart.2015.00030


Carré, M., J. P. Sachs, S. Purca, A. J. Schauer, P. Braconnot, R. Angeles Falcón, M. Julien, and D. Lavallée (2014), Holocene history of ENSO variance and asymmetry in the eastern tropical Pacific, Science, 345, 1045-1048. PDF

Shi, C., V. Masson-Delmotte, V. Daux, Z. Li, M. Carré, and J. Moore (2014), Unprecedented recent warming rate and temperature variability over the east Tibetan Plateau inferred from Alpine treeline dendrochronology, Climate Dynamics, 1-14.


Carré, M., Purca, S., Sachs, J.P., 2013. Reconstructing ENSO in the Eastern Tropical Pacific from short-lived marine mollusks, PAGES News, 21(2), 56-57.

Carré, M., Sachs, J.P., Schauer, A.J., Rodriguez, W.E., Ramos, F.C. (2013). Reconstructing El Niño-Southern Oscillation activity and ocean temperature seasonality from short-lived marine mollusk shells from Peru. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 371, 45-53. doi:0.1016/j.palaeo.2012.12.014. PDF

Jie, L., Zhuo, Z., Kangyou, H., Shixiong, Y., Chase, B.M., Valsecchi, V., Carré, M., Cheddadi, R., (2013). Vegetation changes during the past 40,000 years in Central China from a long fossil record. Quaternary International, 310, 221-226.

Xu, J.X., Zheng, Z., Huang, K.Y., Yue, Y., Li, J., Chase, B.M., Ledru, M.P., Carré, M., Cheddadi, R. (2013). Impacts of human activities on ecosystems during the past 1300 years in Pingnan area of Fujian Province, China. Quaternary International, 286, 29-35.


Carré, M., Dufour, E. (2012). Estrategias estacionales de explotación del medio marino – el aporte de la esclerocronologia y del estudio isotópico -. In: Lavallée, D., Julien, M. (Eds.), Prehistoria de la costa extremo-Sur del Perú. Los Pescadores arcaicos de la quebrada de los Burros (10000 – 7000 a.P.). Travaux de l’Institut Français d’Etudes Andines, Lima, pp. 478.

Azzoug, M., Carré, M., Chase, B.M., Deme, A., Lazar, A., Lazareth, C.E., Schauer, A.J., Mandeng-Yogo, M., Simier, M., Thierno-Gaye, A., de Morais, L.T., 2012. Positive Precipitation-Evaporation budget from AD 460 to 1090 in the Saloum Delta (Senegal) indicated by mollusk oxygen isotopes. Global and Planetary Change, 98-99, 54-62. PDF

Azzoug, M., Carré, M., Schauer, A.J. (2012). Reconstructing the duration of the West African Monsoon season from growth patterns and isotopic signals of shells of Anadara senilis (Saloum Delta, Senegal). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 346-347, 145-152. PDF

Yue, Y., Zheng, Z., Huang, K.Y., Chevalier, M., Chase, B.M., Carré, M., Ledru, M.P., Cheddadi, R., 2012. A record of vegetation and climate change over the past 50,000 years in the Fujian Province of eastern subtropical China. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 365-366, 115-123.

Carré, M., Azzoug, M., Bentaleb, I., Chase, B. M., Fontugne, M., Jackson, D., Ledru, M.-P., Maldonado, A., Sachs, J. P., and Schauer, A. J. (2012). Mid-Holocene mean climate in the south-eastern Pacific and its influence on South America, Quaternary International, 253, 55-66, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.02.004. PDF

Ballester, B., D. Jackson, M. Carré, A. Maldonado, C. Méndez, and R. Seguel (2012). An Early Holocene task camp (~ 8.5 ka cal. BP) on the coast of the semi-arid north of Chile., Antiquity, 86, 88-98.

Sadler, J., M. Carré, M. Azzoug, A. J. Schauer, J. Ledesma, F. Cardenas, B. M. Chase, I. Bentaleb, S. Müller, E. J. Rohling, and J. P. Sachs , (2012). Reconstructing past upwelling intensity and the seasonal dynamics of primary productivity along the Peruvian coastline from mollusk shell stable isotopes, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. , 13, Q01015. doi:10.1029/2011GC003595. PDF

Muller, S.D., Miramont, C., Bruneton, H., Carré, M., Sottocornola, M., Court-Picon, M., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Nakagawa, T., Schevin, P. (2012). A palaeoecological perspective for the conservation and restoration of wetland plant communities in the central French alps, with particular emphasis on alder carr vegetation. Review of Paleaobotany and Palynology 171, 124-139.

Carré, M., J. P. Sachs, J. M. Wallace, and C. Favier (2012), Exploring errors in paleoclimate proxy reconstructions using Monte Carlo simulations: paleotemperature from mollusk and coral geochemistry, Climate of the Past, 8, 433-450, doi:10.5194/cp-8-433-2012.

Download MoCo: MoCo_Matlab, MoCo_R

Lerosey-Aubril, R., Hegna, T. A., Kier, C., Bonino, E., Habersetzer, J., and Carré, M. (2012). Controls on Gut Phosphatisation: The Trilobites from the Weeks Formation Lagerstätte (Cambrian; Utah), PLoS ONE, 7, e32934, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0032934


Lavallée, D., M. Julien, P. Béarez, A. Bolaños, M. Carré, A. Chevalier, T. Delabarde, M. Fontugne, C. Rodríguez-Loredo, L. Klaric, P. Usselmann, and M. Vanhaeren (2011), Quebrada de los burros. Los primeros pescadores del litoral Pacífico en el extremo sur peruano, Chungara, 43, Numero Especial 1, 333-351.


Carré M., Lavallée, D., Julián, M., Klaric, L., Bentaleb, I., Fontugne, M., Kawka, O.E., 2009. Insights into Early Holocene hunter-gatherer mobility on the Peruvian Southern Coast from mollusk gathering seasonality. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36, 1173-1178. PDF

Jackson, D., Maldonado, A., Carré, M., 2009. Early Archaic occupation (9265 Cal.Yr.BP.) on the semi-arid coast of Chile. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 26, 3-5.


Carré M., 2007, El mes de recolección de la macha (Mesodesma donacium) determinado por sus lineas de crecimiento: aplicaciones arqueológicas, Bull. Inst. Fr. Etudes Andines, 36(2), 299-304. PDF


Bentaleb, I., Langlois, C., Martin, C., Iacumin, P., Carré, M., Antoine, P.-O., Duranthon, F., Moussa, I., Jaeger, J.-J., Barrett, N., Kandoorp, R., 2006. Rhinocerotid tooth enamel 18O/16O variability between 23 and 12 Ma in southwestern France. C. R. Geosciences, 338, 172-179.

Carré M., Bentaleb I., Bruguier O., Ordinola E., Fontugne M., 2006. Calcification rate influence on trace elements incorporation in marine bivalve aragonite: evidences and mechanisms. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70(19), 4906-4920. PDF


Carré M., Bentaleb I., Fontugne M. & Lavallée D. 2005, Strong El Niño events during the early Holocene: stable isotope evidence from Peruvian sea-shells. The Holocene, 15 (1), 42-47. PDF

Carré, M., Bentaleb, I., Blamart, D., Ogle, N., Cardenas, F., Zevallos, S., Kalin, R.M., Ortlieb, L., Fontugne, M., 2005, Stable isotopes and sclerochronology of the bivalve Mesodesma donacium: Potential application to Peruvian paleoceanographic reconstructions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 228, 4-25. PDF


Fontugne M., Carré M., Bentaleb I., Julien M., Lavallée D., 2004 Radiocarbon reservoir age variations in the south Peruvian upwelling during the Holocene. Radiocarbon, 46(2), 531-537.