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Bruno Guinand

University lecturer Team Fish evolution
Phone +33 (0)4 67 14 46 87
Localization Bâtiment 24, 1er étage
Mots clés marine fish population genetics/genomics phylogeography

My current research interests principally target two main species, even though I’m interested in fish biology and fish evolution as a whole. The first one is one economically important marine species, ranking second in European aquaculture, the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Using high-throughput transcriptomics (RNA-seq) , I’m actually trying to understand the molecular basis of trait variation providing tolerance to fasting and to diseases in sea bass. The second one is a freshwater species, the Mediterranean brown trout (Salmo trutta) that does not undergo migration at sea during its life cycle. I’m interested in the impact of stocking on genome-wide patterns of hybridization using RAD sequencing techniques, and then in conservation related issues in this iconic freshwater species. I’m also interested in the response of fish to extreme environments, especially hypersalinity which is observed in numerous coastal and estuarine environments worldwide.

Since 2011, I’m the first-year supervisor of the graduate (Master) evolutionary biology programme “Darwin”. Since years, I’m also involved in teaching general biology and zoology at undergraduate level, and in one undergraduate course devoted to basic understanding and mechanisms sustaining the genotype-phenotype relationships. Since 2007, I’m managing courses favouring student projects and experiential learning during the third year of their bachelor programme. I’m still or was formerly involved in many other teaching activities, and was departmental coordinator of the Erasmus(+) exchange programme until 2015.

I’m currently at the head of the ‘Fish Evolution’ team since October, 2016.

Some recent publications :

Guinand B, Vandeputte M, Dupont‐Nivet M, Vergnet A, Haffray P, Chavanne H, Chatain B. 2017. Metapopulation patterns of additive and nonadditive genetic variance in the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Ecology and Evolution 7: 2777-2790 (doi : 10.1002/ece3.2832)

Leitwein M, Guinand B, Pouzadoux J, Desmarais E, Berrebi P, Gagnaire P-A. 2017. A dense brown trout (Salmo trutta) linkage map reveals recent chromosomal rearrangements in the Salmo genus and the impact of selection on linked neutral diversity. G3 : Genes, Genomes, Genetics 7: 1365-1376 (doi: 10.1534/g3.116.038497)

Guinand B, Tine M. 2017. Global change and salinity: which will be the cost of salt ? Espèces 24 : 40-45 (in French).

Leitwein M, Gagnaire P‐A, Desmarais E, Guendouz S, Rohmer M, Berrebi P, Guinand B. 2016. Genome‐wide nucleotide diversity of hatchery‐reared Atlantic and Mediterranean strains of brown trout Salmo trutta compared to wild Mediterranean populations. Journal of Fish Biology 89: 2717-2734 (doi: 10.1111/jfb.13131)

Guinand B, Chauvel C, Lechene M, Tournois J, Tsigenopoulos CS, Darnaude AM, Mckenzie DJ , Gagnaire P-A. 2016. Candidate gene variation in gilthead sea bream reveals complex spatiotemporal selection patterns between marine and lagoon habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 558: 115-127 (doi: 10.3354/meps11851)

More info here (Scholar) or here (Orcid).